The components of a snow plow are designed to be mounted on a motor and clear the snow on the roads or tracks. Snow plows are very important in areas with higher annual snowfall rates. To bring the smoothness in transportation issues in such areas, snow plows play a crucial role.
Snow plows have been used since 1792 in England, although they were made of wood and driven by horses, and the purpose was to remove snow and ice from outdoor surfaces. At the same time, the parts of snow plows used nowadays are made up of steel usually. Steel prevents the corrosion of parts of the plow.
Material of Snowplow parts
Snowplow parts are usually made up of stainless steel, carbonated, or heat-treated steel, and a plate of carbide is used to increase the life of blades.
Snow Plow components
The components of a snow plow are as follows:
The plow motor and pump feed hydraulic power to the cylinder on snow plows. The plow operator can raise, stoop, and angle the blade using hydraulics.
An angle cylinder aids in angling your blade to clear the snow from the roads or tracks easily.
The hydraulic lift cylinder helps in lifting the snow plow from the ground. Hydraulic power is utilized to operate the lift cylinder.
Chain lift/Lift arm
Chain lift or lift arm is a lift system that raises the plow off the ground using a chain. Both mechanical and hydraulic chain lift systems are available. The mechanical chain lift has several performance and durability advantages compared to a hydraulic chain lift system. While lowering the blade, the chain lift system instantly provides float, allowing the blade to easily follow the curves of the plowing surface for a smoother scrape.
Push frames and light bars are attached to the coupler.
Hydraulic power unit
A hydraulic power unit supplies energy to raise, lift, lower, angle, and float the blades of a snow plow. The hydraulic actuation unit receives pressurized oil from the power unit. To use the actuators’ capability to reserve energy, a dual pump system automatically charges the bladder accumulator at high pressure.
The springs help maintain the plow to operate as long as possible by reducing vibration and preventing shock damage by reducing the blades’ rigidity. Trip springs also help the snow plow attachment balance and remain stable while preventing road damage from the blade.
A moldboard is a curved steel blade that pushes a pile of snow or ice. The moldboard should be strong enough to sustain a steep plow angle, and it also affects the overall functioning of the snow plow. To prevent corrosion, the type structures moldboard design incorporates a thick band of seam sealer across each stitch weld. The plow’s ends on either side are completely encased to prevent corrosion.
It sets the moldboard and lifting frame conveniently for attaching and removing. It adjusts the plow height for simple mounting and dismounting in different ground conditions. The Bell crank mechanism connected between the front of the vehicle and the forward area of the frame allows the vertical adjustments of the plow blade.
A frame connects the center section with the blades of a snow plow.
11-pin plug/13-pin plug
The vehicle and plow may communicate with each other via multiple pin rubber plugs, which are connected at the bumper.
To a certain degree, you can utilize base angles as cutting edge before requiring a sharp edge to be positioned on top of a base angle. On trip-edge style plows, the tripping action is provided by the assembly.
Blade guides are rubber-coated sticks that are visible above the vehicle’s hood and indicate where the edges of the plow are.
Lifting a blade off the surface is known as a blade lift. The design and size of the plow and the lifting mechanism, either chain or link lift or simple hydraulic lift, will influence the maximum blade lift height.
Shock absorbers of blades are a crucial component of the snow plow. The role of a shock absorber is to reduce the compression and rebounding of the suspension and springs. They regulate the excessive and undesirable spring action. Absorbers on the rear end of straight-blade plows reduce the moldboard trip’s return speed.
The actual edge of the plow that contacts the ground is called the cutting edge, often constructed of steel or urethane. To avoid plow damage, it is replaceable and must be done so as it deteriorates.
To shield the base angle from damage, curb guards either are a component of the cutting edge or are individually affixed to it.
The plow controller’s “float” feature lets the lift cylinder extend or retract while maintaining the blade in touch with the ground so it may follow the contours of the cultivated area.
When detaching, a kickstand is employed with straight blades to maintain the back of the plow upright.
A block of metal with grooves carved into it makes up the manifold. It houses the relief, checks valves that manage the hydraulic fluid’s flow, and moves the plow.
The plow’s cutting edge is raised when snow plow shoes are properly placed and adjusted. As a result, your plow won’t bulldoze grass, loose flagstones, gravel, or soil. Additionally, the skids stop the blades of the plow from scrubbing the ground, minimizing unnecessary wear and tear.
Typically, rubber or poly is used to make it. Snow or ice that drifts up over the top of the plow and onto the windshield is reduced by this device, which is mounted on the upper portion of the plow.
The fully constructed blade, hydraulics, and electrical parts that are components of the Plow Box are all contained in the blade crate when the plow is transported.
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